—Kenneth Cragg, The Call of the Minaret, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Oneworld, 2000), 183
Much Honored Sir,
I long to hear how your soul prospereth. I wonder that ye write not to me; for the Holy Ghost beareth me witness, that I cannot, I dare not, I do not, forget you, nor the souls of those with you, who are redeemed by the blood of the great Shepherd. Ye are in my heart in the night-watches; ye are my joy and crown in the day of Christ. O Lord, bear me witness, if my soul thirsteth for anything out of heaven, more than for your salvation.
Love heaven; let your heart be on it. It were time that your soul cast itself, and all your burdens, upon Christ. I beseech you by the wounds of your Redeemer, and by your compearance before Him, and by the salvation of your soul, lose no more time; run fast, for it is late. Ye are now upon the very border of the other life. Your Lord cannot be blamed for not giving you warning. I have taught the truth of Christ to you, and delivered unto you the whole counsel of God, and I have stood before the Lord for you, and I will yet still stand. Awake, awake to do righteously. Think not to be eased of the burdens and debts that are on your house by oppressing any, or being rigorous to those that are under you. Remember how I endeavored to walk before you in this matter, as an example. ‘Behold, here am 1, witness against me, before the Lord and His Anointed: whose ox or whose ass have I taken? Whom have I defrauded? Whom have I oppressed?’ (I Sam. 12.3). Who knoweth how my soul feedeth upon a good conscience, when I remember how I spent this body in feeding the lambs of Christ?
The Lord is my witness above that I write my heart to you. I never knew by my nine years’ preaching so much of Christ’s love as He has taught me in Aberdeen by six months’ imprisonment. I charge you in Christ’s name to help me to praise; and show that people and country the loving kindness of the Lord to my soul, that so my sufferings may someday preach to them when I am silent. He has made me to know now better than before what it is to be crucified to the world.
I would not exchange my sighs for the laughing of my adversaries, for He has sealed my sufferings with the comforts of His Spirit on my soul. Now, Sir, I have no earthly comfort, but to know I have espoused, and shall present a bride to Christ in that congregation. The Lord has given you much, and therefore He will require much of you again; number your talents, and see what you have to render back again; you cannot be enough persuaded of the shortness of your time. I charge you to write to me, and in the fear of God, be plain with me, whether or not you have made your salvation sure: I am confident, and hope the best; but I know, your reckonings with your Judge are many and deep. Sir, be not beguiled, neglect not the one thing, your one necessary thing, ‘the good part that shall not be taken from you’; look beyond time; things here are but moonshine; they have but children’s wit, who are delighted with shadows, and deluded with feathers flying in the air.
Desire your children in the morning of their life, to begin and seek the Lord, and ‘to remember their Creator in the days of their youth’, to ‘cleanse their way, by taking heed thereto, according to God’s word’. Youth is a glassy age. Satan too often finds a ’swept chamber’, and a ‘garnished lodging’ for himself and his train, in youthhood. Let the Lord have the flower of their age; the best sacrifice is due to Him; instruct them in this, that they have a soul, and that this life is nothing in comparison of eternity; they will have much need of God’s conduct in this world, to guide them bye those rocks upon which most men split; but far more need when it cometh to the hour of death, and their compearance before Christ. Oh that there were such an heart in them, to fear the name of the great and dreadful God, who has laid up great things for those that love and fear Him!I pray that God may be their portion.
Show others of my parishioners, that I write to them my best wishes, and the blessings of their lawful pastor. Say to them from me, that I beseech them, by the bowels of Christ, to keep in mind the doctrine of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, which I taught them; so that they may lay hold on eternal life, striving together for the faith of the Gospel, and making sure salvation to themselves. Walk in love, and do righteousness: seek peace; love one another. Wait for the coming of our Master and Judge. Receive no doctrine contrary to that which I delivered to you. If ye fall away, and forget it, and that Catechism which I taught you, and so forsake your own mercy, the Lord be Judge betwixt you and me. I take heaven and earth to witness, that such shall eternally perish. But if they serve the Lord, great will their reward be when they and I shall stand before our Judge. Set forward up the mountain, to meet with God; climb up, for your Savior calleth on you. It may be that God will call you to your rest, when I am far from you; but ye have my love, and the desires of my heart for your soul’s welfare. He that is holy, keep you from falling, and establish you, till His own glorious appearance.
Your affectionate and lawful pastor.
Who is John Gordon of Cardoness?
John Gordon, the elder, laird of Cardoness, was a very difficult parishioner, and a man of strong passions. His estate was heavily burdened by debt. Part of the purpose of this letter is a protest against the attempt to meet his debts by an inequitable raising of the rents of the farms and cottages on the estate. And there was a son (to whom a later letter is addressed, letter 34), who was following the example of his father’s wild youth. See also Letters 36 and 46.
About “Rutherford Thursdays”
- See my introduction to the “Rutherford Thursdays” series of blog posts.
- Selection from His Letters is a public domain text hosted by CCEL. I have arranged and formatted Rutherford’s text and Hugh Martin’s editorial comments, added headings, paragraph separations, etc., for presentation on this blog.
- Letters of Samuel Rutherford is a nice print edition of Rutherford’s letters for under $5.
- For a brief biographical sketch of Rutherford’s life, see Hugh Martin’s forward to Selections. And see Martin’s glossary for help with outdated vocabulary.
- Rutherford Resources:
- The Post-Reformation Digital Library lists free e-books by Rutherford.
- Samuel Rutherford by Andrew Thompson. This book, now freely available via Google Books, presents two parts: First, a biography of Rutherford’s life; Second, a selection of Rutherford’s letters entitled “Honey from the Honeycomb.”
- Fire and Ice index to S. R.
- Samuel Rutherford: A New Biography of the Man & His Ministry. This biography by Kingsley G Rendell provides an excellent introduction to Rutherford’s life and work.
Piper, John. Baker: Grand Rapids. 1993. ISBN: 080102613X
Piper’s book is a clarion call for Christians to align themselves with God’s mission of proclaiming his great Name to every people on the earth. Piper provides a biblical basis for God’s self-glorifying mission by expositing many texts to show that (a) worship is both “the fuel and goal in missions” (p. 11), (b) prayer taps into the only power source which will accomplish the mission: God’s own power, (c) suffering for the sake of Christ is the cost of proving God’s supreme glory to the nations, (d) Christ demands exclusive worship, and salvation can be found in no other name, and (e) the scope of God’s mission involves the Gospel being proclaimed not merely to every physical nation but to every people group across the globe.
The trajectory of Piper’s arguments is poignant and needed in today’s milieu of misguided understandings of missions (arising, in my opinion, from a lack of understanding the Missio Dei). From the opening pages he immediately undercuts the major misconception that the goal of missions is merely to rescue more souls into the Gospel’s “life boat.” In place of this misunderstanding, which normally leads Christians to believe that their sole purpose for existence on earth is to rescue as many non-Christians as possible, Piper holds up the glory of God as the ultimate goal of missions: “When this age is over . . . missions will be no more. It is a temporary necessity. But worship abides forever” (p. 11). Moreover, the chapters on prayer and suffering helpfully expound the all-consuming nature of God’s mission to spread his glory which he draws his people into, leading them in a way of life of warfare prayer as the tool for tapping into God’s power for the mission and of suffering as the cost of proving God’s infinite worth to the nations. Furthermore, in the context of western Christianity’s tendency toward syncretism it is refreshing to hear the exclusive claims of Jesus proclaimed unabashedly.
The “Christian hedonism” theology behind Piper’s thesis could lead one in a wrong direction if not more fully expounded in relation to the Missio Dei in the Old and New Testaments. To say that “[m]issions exists because worship doesn’t” (p. 11) without explaining that man’s worship of God is subordinate and secondary to God’s worship of himself could unintentionally blur God’s aseity. God does not need worshipers; yet, in his grace he ordained the creation of humans and the redemption of humanity through his Son. Thus, that human worship even exists is entirely of God’s gracious initiative. This point, though perhaps appearing small at first, is magnified in light of redemptive history in which God time and again proclaims that He himself is the one who makes his Name known among the nations, an enterprise that is all of his grace.
I pray that God will constantly call the message of this book mind as I seek to obey its injunction to align myself and those under my pastoral care with God’s mission to spread his glory among all nations. If given the opportunity, I would like to use this book for discipleship and training in my future ministry.
“It is our unspeakable privilege to be caught up with him in the greatest movement in history–the ingathering of the elect ‘from all tribes and tongues and peoples and nations’ until the full number of the Gentiles come in, and all Israel is saved, and the Son of Man descends with power and great glory as King of kings and Lord of lords and the earth is full of the knowledge of his glory as the waters cover the sea for ever and ever. Then the supremacy of Christ will be manifest to all and he will deliver the kingdom to God the Father and God will be all in all.” (223).
- I wrote this review last year for my missions class at seminary. Accordingly, the format is the prescribed, brief, one-page review required by the professor. [↩ back]